What is Neoclassicism? Neoclassical Architecture

Have you ever wanted to live ancient times? Are you admiring Roman or Greek monuments? If your answer is yes, you aren’t distant Neoclassicism. Therefore, we explained Understanding of Neoclassicism and compiled famous Neoclassical buildings for you.

What is Neoclassicism mean?

Neoclassicism is an art movement that reviving Rome and Greek sense of art. In ancient Greek, “Neo” means “new”, in addition to “Classicism” means art that base fielding Rome and Ancient Greek. So neoclassicists wanted to raise again this classic sense.

Ancient Greek Building

ANCIENT GREEK UNDERSTANDING

How emerge the Neoclassicism?

In 18th century, thanks to archaeological excavation, come in sight city of Pompeii in Italy thus archaeologists and architects be interested in Roman Monuments than ever before. A group of artist emphasised art and architecture of ancient times and burst this art movement moreover Neoclassicism showed itself in painting and sculpture as well.

Neoclassical understanding in architecture

https://breaktimepost.com/2021/12/05/gothic-architecture/Neoclassicism rised as of reaction to Rococo Art. In other words, Neoclassicists set against to adornment. In this understanding, come to the forefront accent of wall and seen monumental constructions mainly. Also featured symmetry and triangle frontons. In Neoclassical Understanding, simplicity in the foreground. Thence Unlike Gothic Architecture, sculptures don’t take part in building mostly.

Examples of Neoclassical Construction

ARC DE TRIOMPHE / PARIS-FRANCE

ARC DE TRIOMPHE / PARIS-FRANCE

Arc de Triomphe

It constructed in 19th Century with Napoleon’s command and It’s architecture is Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin who is French architect. The architect inspired from Arch of Titus inside Rome Forum. Also, monument’s height is 49 meter.

L'ÉGLISE DE LA MADELEINE / PARIS-FRANCE

L’ÉGLISE DE LA MADELEINE / PARIS-FRANCE

L’église de la Madeleine

It constructed in 19th century with Napoleon’s command. It’s architecture is Pierre-Alexandre Vignon who is French architect. It was created form of Rome Temple. So, The church has triangle fronton and stoa just like Rome and Greek temple.

US CAPITOL BUS CAPITOL BUILDING / WASHINGTON DC-USA

US CAPITOL BUS CAPITOL BUILDING / WASHINGTON DC-USA

Us Capitol Building

It designed by William Thornton who is American architecture and painter in 18-19th century. Also, It is a symmetric construction and have columnar fronts.

LINCOLN MEMORIAL / WASHINGTON DC-USA

LINCOLN MEMORIAL / WASHINGTON DC-USA

Lincoln Memorial

Lincoln Memorial designed by Henry Bacon for Abraham Lincoln in 20th century. It’s form was designed just like Parthenon in Athens Acropolis. Also, It is symmetrical and it has stoa with 36 column.

BUCKINGHAM PALACE / LONDON-ENGLAND

BUCKINGHAM PALACE / LONDON-ENGLAND

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace design firstly finished by Edward Blore who is British architect in 1850 but put into final form by British architect Aston Webb in 1913. The building has trangle fronton and symmetrical facade.

ANITKABIR / ANKARA-TURKEY

ANITKABIR / ANKARA-TURKEY

Anıtkabir

Anıtkabir is a mausolea designed for Turkish commander Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and constructed in 20th century by Turkish architect Emin Onat and Orhan Arda. The mausolea consist of stoa with column. It has 27m height and used marble as of material on the facade.

ROTUNDA OF MOSTA / MOSTA-MALTA

ROTUNDA OF MOSTA / MOSTA-MALTA

Rotunda of Mosta

It designed by Giorgio Grognet de Vassé who is maltese architect In 18th century.It was inspired from the Pantheon in Rome. Its facade has a stoa with six ionic columns and It’s form is symmetrical.

You can reach all the other architectural movements that emerged in Europe from the link below.

https://breaktimepost.com/2022/04/04/architectural-movements-in-europe-10th-20th-century/

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