Conservation and protection is a tendency belong to sophisticated societies and it is indicate to human development. Because developed people always want to protect their, even other civilization’s cultural and architectural value.
1- NOTIONS RELATED TO CONSERVATION
Conservation Understanding improved in 19. Century Europa first time. Also, Developed countries wanted to protect their constructions. Conservation is an act that preserving to the monument which have historical and cultural worth. This act must be continuous and considered not only the structure but also its surrounding. In this understanding, historical artifact must protected with whole features and transmitted to future allied to its originality.
Maintenance is a perpetual practice implementing to the structure on the purpose of quick interfere to damage and deterioration due to damage will not grow. “Maintenance” and “Repair” are different application and must not mix them. Repair contain serious interference while maintenance is only little interventions for protect structure.
Repair is an implementation used in an existing structure after the depredation. Reintegration, renovation and fortification can exemplified to repair.
2- INTERVENTION TECHNIQUES IN RESTORATION
In partly damaged structure, implemented so as to reaching integrity to structure. In an effort to carry through to reintegration, structure’s original design must analysed in detail and will using materials must different and noticeable from original materials so supplementation to structure can recognizable.
Renovation is rendering new situation to piece of construction in bad repair. In this implementation old pieces throw out from structure texture, instead construction filled with new materials. It aim to altering disrupted texture to original design however if you carry out to renovation you venture the losing genuine piece of building and using material must conform with original texture.
Reconstruction is creating again of highly deteriorated structure depending on trustworthy documents. In other words, it is copying monument in original place. But the created monument doesn’t have unique features, so it doesn’t hold historical value. For this reason, this implementation can accepted only extreme special situations such as structure’s whole overthrown and disappear, owing to war or natural disaster.
Relocation is cultural mould’s moving to some other place from it’s authentic surrounding. This process injure to structure’s originality but if the historical artifacts is under threat, relocation can approved.
Consolidation is the preservation of the statics of the building so that a historical artifact can survive and be transferred to the future. This application consists of the consolidation of the ground, the consolidation of the carrier system, the consolidation of the material used.
Reuse is a implementation on the purpose of gain a new function to exist historical building nevertheless this new function absolutely mustn’t damage to structure’s originality.