Gothic architecture burst in medieval Europe and it was popular between 12 Century-16 Century. In this years, cathedral buildings were important for Western Europa and this cathedrals had a symbolic value. They showed state’s power and mighty. In this period built a lot of cathedral so this buildings became an attraction centre for visitors from all around the world.
So, gothic understand emerged on cathedrals generally. In this architecture, constructions were built gigantic sizes for emphasise god’s sovereignty. Gothic Architecture expanded from France. After then, it seen in England, Spain, Germany and Italy (In this region, Gothic Understanding took a short time.)
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES
- HIGH CONSTRUCTION
Gothic Architecture has a mystical characteristic. Gothic buildings is built as a very high constructions. The height of cathedral show gods mighty and power of the church.
- LANCET ARCH
In gothic architecture, structures have sharp lines with high size and lancet arch used typically.
Amiens Cathedral / Amiens, France
- STAINED GLASS WINDOWS AND ROSE WINDOWS
Dark interior area become prominent and using light come to the forefront. And this is supplied with colored stained glass windows. Design of light is a figurative factor. It symbolize Jesus Christ’s divine entity. Especially rose windows are the most well-known examples of this. Probably, Gothic Architecture’s Is the most distinct features is that rose windows. Roses windows have ornate stone carving embroidery.
- RIBBED VAULTS
Ribbed Vaults are occupy an important place in gothic understanding. It built in a cross shape. Ribbed vault, transfer the burden it bear to edges of the niches. Thereby, not necessary anymore to thick bearing wall.
- FLYING BUTTRESS
It is used in areas where the structure is weak as a carrier and supports the statics of the structure. It is generally used in areas with vaults. It transfers the load of the structure down without the need for heavy and thick carrier elements. It is mostly used on exteriors.
EXAMPLE OF GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
You can reach all the other architectural movements that emerged in Europe from the link below.