Romanesque Architecture Features and Romanesque Buildings

Romanesque Style bursted thanks to Franks Emperor Charlemagne in Medieval Europa. He aimed revitalize to Roman Art understanding.

This style continued from 10th century to late 12th century and then hen it give place to Gothic Architecture. After fall of the roman empire, of cities and town’s aesthetics weren’t in the foreground. But they rised to prominence with Romanesque Architecture. For the first time, a style spreaded the all Western Europe after Roman Style. In 10-12th Century, generally built castle which didn’t have aesthetic values in Medieval Europe.

Actually Romanesque is an art movement. It called “Norman style” in England when called “Roman style” in Europe. Also known as “Roman art.

Churches in the Middle Ages were quite rich. And They used their wealthy in construction of cathedrals and Monastery. Thus, Romanesque Buildings gained a magnificent styles with gigantic Roman Vaults and Arch. Besides, town houses, grand palaces, civic buildings, castles, city walls, bridges, village churches, abbey churches, abbey complexes and large caChurches in the Middle Ages were quite rich. And They used their wealthy in construction of cathedrals and Monastery. Thus, Romanesque Buildings gained a magnificent styles with gigantic Roman Vaults and Arch. Besides, town houses, grand palaces, castles, city walls, bridges, village churches, abbey complexes and large cathedrals was built in this period.

CIESZYN, POLAND - APRIL 16,2016: Saint Nicholas tower at the cas – Stock  Editorial Photo © agneskantaruk #119634450
Saint Nicholas Rotunda / Cieszyn, Poland

Pilgrimages were popular with devout Christians during this period. Abbey Church of Sainte-Foy is among the first pilgrimage churches.

Abbey Church of Sainte-Foy / Conques, France

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE’S FEATURES

Buildings often have a very regular, symmetrical plan. Romanesque churchs mostly have a large central portal involving mouldings. And they have arched-topped windows. While Larger churches have more than two tower, Smaller churches in generally have a single tower.

Abbey of Saint-Étienne / Caen, France
  • Semicircular Arches
Basilica of Sant’Ambrogio / Milan, Italy
  • Reliefs
Church of St. Trophime / Arles, France

Romanesque Cathedrals was decorated with lots of sculpture. This sculptures explained to religious issues.

  • Thick walls
  • Vaults

The vaults were very popular in Rome and later in Eastern Rome and they lived through a resurrection in Romanesque Understanding.

Durham Cathedral nave © Richard Croft :: Geograph Britain and Ireland
Durham Cathedral / Durham England
  • Portals

In Portals, be found the embroidered reliefs. Also there are archivolts, voussoirs and frontons in this gates. Romanesque churches usually have a single portal placed centrally on the western façade, so the portals come to the fore on the façade of the building.

Abbey Church of St. James / Lebeny, Hungary
  • Semi-circular or square ends

The eastern ends of a Romanesque buildings are semi-circular in generally.
While used semi-circular ends in France, In Germany and Italy, may used square ends as well.

Eglise Saint-Pierre de Xhignesse / Xhignesse, Belgium
  • Towers
Maria Laach Abbey / Glees, Germany
  • Using stone and brick in construction
  • Plan in the form of a latin cross
Speyer Cathedral / Speyer, Germany

ROMANESQUE BUILDINGS

File:Duomo cefalu msu2017-0797.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Cefalù Cathedral / Cefalu, Italy
Tower of Pisa / Pisa, Italy
Galata Tower / Istanbul, Turkey
Sant Climent / Taüll, Spain
Collegiate Church of Saint Gertrude / Nivelles, Belgium
Speyer Cathedral / Speyer, Germany

You can reach all the other architectural movements that emerged in Europe from here.

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