Romanesque Style bursted thanks to Franks Emperor Charlemagne in Medieval Europa. He aimed revitalize to Roman Art understanding.
This style continued from 10th century to late 12th century and then hen it give place to Gothic Architecture. After fall of the roman empire, of cities and town’s aesthetics weren’t in the foreground. But they rised to prominence with Romanesque Architecture. For the first time, a style spreaded the all Western Europe after Roman Style. In 10-12th Century, generally built castle which didn’t have aesthetic values in Medieval Europe.
Actually Romanesque is an art movement. It called “Norman style” in England when called “Roman style” in Europe. Also known as “Roman art.
Churches in the Middle Ages were quite rich. And They used their wealthy in construction of cathedrals and Monastery. Thus, Romanesque Buildings gained a magnificent styles with gigantic Roman Vaults and Arch. Besides, town houses, grand palaces, civic buildings, castles, city walls, bridges, village churches, abbey churches, abbey complexes and large caChurches in the Middle Ages were quite rich. And They used their wealthy in construction of cathedrals and Monastery. Thus, Romanesque Buildings gained a magnificent styles with gigantic Roman Vaults and Arch. Besides, town houses, grand palaces, castles, city walls, bridges, village churches, abbey complexes and large cathedrals was built in this period.
Pilgrimages were popular with devout Christians during this period. Abbey Church of Sainte-Foy is among the first pilgrimage churches.
ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE’S FEATURES
Buildings often have a very regular, symmetrical plan. Romanesque churchs mostly have a large central portal involving mouldings. And they have arched-topped windows. While Larger churches have more than two tower, Smaller churches in generally have a single tower.
- Semicircular Arches
Romanesque Cathedrals was decorated with lots of sculpture. This sculptures explained to religious issues.
- Thick walls
The vaults were very popular in Rome and later in Eastern Rome and they lived through a resurrection in Romanesque Understanding.
In Portals, be found the embroidered reliefs. Also there are archivolts, voussoirs and frontons in this gates. Romanesque churches usually have a single portal placed centrally on the western façade, so the portals come to the fore on the façade of the building.
- Semi-circular or square ends
The eastern ends of a Romanesque buildings are semi-circular in generally.
While used semi-circular ends in France, In Germany and Italy, may used square ends as well.
- Using stone and brick in construction
- Plan in the form of a latin cross
You can reach all the other architectural movements that emerged in Europe from here.