If you know a little about architecture, your first answer to the question of what Baroque architecture includes is probably ornament and splendor. And, I must say that you are right in this answer. Before explaining the Baroque architectural features and examples in detail, I must state that this understanding includes a high degree of ornamentation and facade work.
So how did baroque architecture come about? What are the this architectural features? What are the most famous examples of architecture?
The Emergence of the Baroque Movement
Baroque Understanding emerged in 16th and 18th century after the Renaissance Architecture. Generally this is in sight Italian Cathedrals. This understanding emphasise might of god just as other most architectural movements. Also, important figures in history always had wanted show their strong throughout history. And architecture is one of the most important way to show this wealth. Baroque Architecture used for this purpuso as well. Consequently, Prominent people spent high moneys for create magnificent buildings.
Baroque Architectural Features
In this period, architects is tend to give shape to nature. Also, they used organic and curvilinear lines in structure facades. Also yet another important element is landscaping in this movement. Architects used fountain pools, sculptures and ornamental plants in outdoor. So, Baroque Architectural features can summerize like that:
- Copious ornamentation on the facade of the building
- Symmetrical facade layout
- Garden and landscaping
- Organic and mythological motifs
- Grand staircases
- Dramatic paintings on walls and ceilings
Famous Baroque Buildings
Architects such as Lorenzo Bernini, Francesco Borromini, Pietro da Cortona, Carlo Maderno can be given as examples of pioneers of this movement.
And the most famous structures built during this period are:
- Palace of Versailles, Versailles / France (17th Century)
- Trevi Fountain, Rome / Italy (1732–1762)
- Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna / Austria (18th Century)
- Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg / Russia (18th Century)
- Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid / Spain (18th Century
- Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul / Turkey (1843-1856)
You can reach all the other architectural movements that emerged in Europe from the link below.