Renaissance Architecture is an understanding that affected all Medieval Europe. And wonderful structures appeared during this period. In this text I mentioned that:
What is Renaissance? How It emerged on? What is features of this Architecture?
How Renaissance Architecture emerged on?
Before the Renaissance architecture, the dominant architectural understanding in Europe was Gothic Architecture that showed effect of religion intensely. In 15th Century Europe was living great alteration. Until the Renaissance Religion and Church had a big dominance on countries. But with Renaissance, science and art supplant to this dominance.
Wealthy merchants showed up in this period. So, they began work with famous Architects for beautiful buildings. Thus, they laid the foundations of Renaissance Architecture for the first time in the Italian region. In addition, with the renaissance, there were developments not only in the field of architecture, but also in the fields of painting, music, sculpture, physics and mathematics. These developments spread to almost all of Europe after Italy.
Architects of Renaissance period
Filippo Brunelleschi is considered the first architect of the Renaissance. Also, he completed the Florence cathedral, yielding the first and perhaps the most popular renaissance architectural work. Also, Michelozzo, Alberti, Bramante, Sangallo, Raphael and Peruzzi are other famous pioneer architect of this understanding.
Architectural movements such as Romanesque and Gothic, which were popular before Renaissance architecture, showed themselves in religious buildings. As a result of the social changes experienced during the this period, this architectural movement produced palaces and social buildings besides the church.
In 1453, the Ottomans conquered the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) capital, Constantinople (Istanbul). So, Byzantine scientists and artists who migrated from Istanbul to Europe told Europeans about the cultural accumulation of the Roman. During this period, architects began to research Roman architecture and inspired by Roman architecture. Thus, the architects used elements of Roman and Greek architecture such as triangular pediments and columns.
The fact that science and philosophy took the place of religion was also reflected in the buildings and the architects used geometric shapes in the buildings. Attention has been paid to the building ratios. And semicircular arches is one of the most important feature of this understanding.
Features of Renaissance Architecture
-Use of geometric shapes and numerical ratios
-Stone, marble and brick were used as building materials, decorations and roofing materials, respectively
-Painting and sculpture occupy an important place
-Lighting is important in inside
-The use of elements of roman architecture
-Unlike gothic architecture, the blighting is important in indoors
Examples of Renaissance Architecture
-Florence Cathedral, Florance/Italy
-St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome/Italy
-Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice/Italy
-Santa Maria Novella, Florence/Italy
You can reach all the other architectural movements that emerged in Europe from the link below.