Issac Newton is considered by scientists to be the 2nd most influential scientist in history. Likewise, in 1999, 100 prominent physicists ranked Issac Newton as the best physicist of the millennium after Albert Einstein. In the book “100 Most Influential People Who Shaped the World” published in 1978 by the American astrophysicist and writer Michael H. Hart, Newton was held at the top of all scientists, including Albert Einstein. Famous science fiction writer Isaac Asimov also referred to Newton as “the greatest scientist in history”.
Issac Newton published Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica in 1687. Thus, he laid the foundations of classical mechanics. With this book, Newton gathered the natural sciences under one discipline. In my opinion, Newton combined physics with a universal language. This step has accelerated the pace of development of science until today and even into the very distant future. Newton explained the three laws of motion in this book. At the same time, he subjected the objects in the sky to the same laws. The gravitational law developed by Newton for the planets was demonstrated by the consistency between Johannes Kepler’s law of planetary motions.
Another influential discovery was that he observed that white light is not a single color, but a spectrum of different colors, and formed his color theory. Newton discovered this invention by scattering white light through a prism. So, what was the life story of the most influential scientist in the history of science?
Issac Newton’s mother, Hannah, went into labor on December 24, 1642. One or two hours after midnight, Issac was born towards Christmas morning. He lived in the house where Newton was born and lived with his family in Woolsthorpe, near Grantham, England, until he was 4 years old.
Issac Newton’s Family
Newton’s family were farmers and owned many animals and property. Although Newton’s father was wealthy, he was too uneducated to sign. Newton had lost his father before he was born. When his mother married someone else, he placed Newton with his grandmother. Newton had to leave his family at a young age. The fact that he did not leave any inheritance to Newton at the death of his grandfather shows that he was not very well liked in the place he went at a young age.
Newton’s sin book
Newton had a religious personality and had a notebook in which he listed his sins. According to this list, Newton wanted to burn his father and mother Smith while they were in the house they were in, and punched his sister, and he kept this notebook at the university at the age of 19. It turns out that Newton had a difficult childhood and kept his anger inside him for many years
Newton began his education at Gratham Kings School at the age of 12 and graduated in 1661. Meanwhile, his stepfather passed away and left a large inheritance to his mother. Newton’s mother, Hannah, picked Newton up from school to manage this property. Another reason for Newton’s dismissal from school during this period was that he wrote ‘idle’ and ‘inattentive’ in school reports. But Newton had no interest in farming. Even while farming, he was studying the sky and taking notes.
Issac returned to school in 1660 with the support of his uncle and finished school. Some evidence suggests that Henry Stokes also convinced Newton’s mother. Meanwhile, he was engaged to Miss Storey. Miss Storey was the stepdaughter of a pharmacist. Due to the intensity of her studies, she ended her relationship and never married anyone in her life. Newton says he always remembers this relationship.
Years at Cambridge
His uncle had studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, and encouraged Newton to attend that college as well. Newton was admitted to the school in June 1661. Newton was working, earning money and going to school. The theories of Copernicus and Kepler were not emphasized in the school where he was accepted. Galileo’s work was not recognized and Aristotelian philosophy was active. During his three years at Cambridge he took classes in algebra, geometry and trigonometry, learning Latin and Ancient Greek. During this period, he became acquainted with the works of Galileo and Kepler and was greatly influenced by him. Likewise, Newton’s laws of motion were also influential in the birth. Besides these, he read the philosophical works of Descartes, Gassendi, Hobbes and especially Boyle. At the beginning of his notebook, Quaestiones Quaedam Philosophicae (Some Philosophical Questions), in which he wrote his ideas, he added the following note in Latin:
“Plato is my friend, Aristotle is my friend, but my best friend is real.”Issac Newton
Newton could not be among the successful students during school. The outbreak of the plague epidemic was an opportunity for him. Newton remained on the farm for two years during the epidemic. Its genius emerged on the farm during the epidemic.
Newton could not be among the successful students during school. The outbreak of the plague epidemic was an opportunity for him. Newton remained on the farm for two years during the epidemic. Its genius emerged on the farm during the epidemic. Newton wrote the book Questiones quaedam philosophicae while still at university. In this work, he provides insight into the beginning of Newton’s thought and the foundations of his later intellectual development. The questions cover many topics in Newton’s hands, such as the fundamentals of science, philosophy, psychology, theology, and mathematics.
Years on the farm
He worked on the farm for two years. It was during this period that he began to think about gravity. In addition, he laid the foundation for differential and integral calculations with his work. In the past, it combined outdated methods such as area, arc length, tangent finding with differential computation. However, in a dark room on the farm, he formed a light spectrum by holding sunlight through a prism and observed that white light is not a unit by itself.
In 1667, Newton returned to Cambridge with the opening of the universities. He was selected as a Trinity member in October. Two years later, he became a professor of mathematics. Issac Newton stayed at Cambridge for 30 years. In the meantime, he constantly corresponded with other scientists and carried out his studies. During this period, he worked on and completed the book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
His years and death in London (1696-1727)
He became director of the Royal Mint for Newton in 1696, and Newton settled in London. He took this job very seriously and especially fought against counterfeit money. Newton loved life in London and didn’t want to be too involved in academic studies anymore. He became president of the Royal Society in 1703 and held that post until his death. He was knighted in 1705. Newton died on March 31, 1727 and is buried in Westminster Abbey.