Beaux-Arts Architecture

Beaux-Arts is an art movement that emerged in France at the beginning of the 19th century and had an impact on visual arts such as painting, sculpture and architecture. So, in this article, we will talk about the Beaux-Arts understanding of architecture and its features.


Beaux-Arts Architecture is an architectural movement that developed from French Classicism in essence. Beaux-Arts was basically an arts school. Many American architects have educated in this school and brought this understanding to their countries.

Beaux-Arts Architectural Understanding

While the Art and Crafts and Art Nouveau movements produced a new and modern design, Beaux-Arts has set its architectural eye on the buildings of the ancient period. Therefore, this movement often used Roman and ancient Greek architectural forms. Also, it would not be wrong to say that this period was an eclectic one. Because Beaux-Arts architecture used not only Roman and ancient Greek architecture, but also Italian Renaissance and Baroque architectural elements. Thus, both revived old styles and modern styles were blended and used together.

Additionally, This architecture was mostly used for concert halls, opera houses, theater buildings and libraries. So, In this movement, the concepts of harmony, classicism, nobility and order come to the fore. Care is taken to ensure that the interior spaces are bright and spacious. Moreover, the sculptures used with modern lines are one of the important features of this movement.

Beaux-Arts Architectural Features

  • Gigantic structures
  • Spacious interiors
  • Use of columns on the facade
  • Gaudy and detailed structures
  • Using simetry
  • Using adornment
  • Pedimented windows surrounded by columns
  • Ornate roof cornices
  • Use of sculpture
  • Flat roofs
  • Arched doors and windows

Architecture Examples

  • Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren/Belgium
  • Cinquantenaire, Brussels/Belgium
  • Bode Museum, Berlin/Germany
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC/USA
  • Budapest Nyugati Station, Budapest/Hungary
  • Peace Palace, The Hague/Netherlands
  • Casino de Madrid, Madrid/Spain

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