While climate change takes effect every day and has different results, he says that it will increase new epidemics, according to the article published in the journal Nature.
According to research, climate change in the next 50 years will increase the encounters of different species. It is the first study to make a prediction in this sense. It is estimated that more than 15000 new mammalian species can be found infecting mammals with viruses. So in this article, we discuss how global warming will alter wildlife habitats and increase the interspecies exchange of pathogens.
Why are encounters increasing epidemics?
There was a previously unknown virus in the COVID-19 pandemic. Many researchers said that this virus is transmitted from animals to humans. This is zoonotic transmission.
This study warns that virus transmission between species will increase, posing a serious threat to human and animal health like the COVID-19 pandemic. So how will this happen? Climate change, increase in temperatures, global warming negatively affect the areas of living things living in cold regions. Species that cannot live in these regions are still moving to regions unaffected by global warming. According to experts, virus transmission occurs during the first encounter of the species.
In addition, experts estimate it is particularly common in parts of Africa and Asia, and around the African Sahel region, India and Indonesia. The high density of people in these regions also triggers the occurrence of epidemics.
He says that with some climate analysis, first-time encounters between species will double by 2070. This will create virus meeting points. Gregory Albery, a disease ecologist at Georgetown University in Washington DC and co-author of the study, said :
“This work provides us with more incontrovertible evidence that the coming decades will not only be hotter, but sicker,”Gregory Albery
Splash at people?
Researchers applaud this work. However, they evaluate differently when they study their effects on human health. Because the spread of viruses from mammals to humans occurs in a complex human socio-economic environment. The development of health services or the fact that it cannot be transmitted to humans for any reason can reduce the risk. However, the researchers say health services must immediately improve monitoring and surveillance of zoonotic diseases. Especially for future hot countries like Southeast Asia.
“It’s happening and it’s not preventable even in the best climate change scenarios,”Gregory Albery