Schroth is a treatment method and it use in the treatment of scoliosis. Katharina Schroth developed this method in Germany in the early 1900s.
What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is 3-dimensional deformity of the spine. It is where the spine twists and curves to the side.
Who is Katharina Schroth?
Katharina Schroth was born in 1894 in Dresden, Germany. She herself suffered from scoliosis in her youth. During adolescence, she used a steel corset due to moderate scoliosis. However, these traditional treatments were negatively affecting Katharina’s quality of life. Therefore, she sought ways to treat her own body.
Inspired by a balloon, she tried to straighten the concave parts of her body with breathing in front of a mirror. She also noticed the positive effect of some corrective actions on the deformity. As a result, she realized that her spine was improving with these special exercises she created.
When she was successful in correcting her own deformity, she wanted to help other people with scoliosis. Therefore, she received various trainings. Over time, she began to treat other scoliosis patients. She founded the Schroth Clinic in Germany.
This method has constantly improved over the years. And today it has become the number 1 treatment method used for the treatment of scoliosis.
The Schroth Method
The method aims to restore the disturbed body balance in all planes. It aim to ensure that the patient maintains the correct posture in daily life activities. Scoliosis is not the same in every patient. Therefore, the Schroth exercises used in each patient vary. However although the exercises differ from person to person, they contain three important components: Rotational Angular Breathing, Muscular Symmetry and Awareness fo Posture.
1-Rotational Angular Breathing
The method uses a special breathing technique. This breathing technique is specially determined according to the shape and direction of the curvature. The goal is to breathe and rotate the spine to help reshape the rib cage and surrounding soft tissue.
Scoliosis causes asymmetry in the muscles around the spine. For this reason Schroth exercises also include exercises aimed at achieving muscle symmetry.
3-Awareness fo Posture
Being aware of the position of the spine is the first step towards correcting it. That’s why this method often use mirrors.
The Schroth method includes special positioning and special exercises according to the deformity. By using various materials, the spine is brought to the position it should be. Then, with the correct positioning of the spine, the exercises are performed from simple to difficult.
Studies have shown that with this method, the progression of the disease is stopped. It revealed that it reduced the need for corset and surgery and reduced pain. The results of a recent meta-analysis reveal that Schroth exercises should be recommended for individuals with scoliosis and correct the structural deformity of the spine. The results of a recent meta-analysis reveal that Schroth exercises should be recommended for individuals with scoliosis and correct the structural deformity of the spine.