Beaux-Arts Architecture

Beaux-Arts is an art movement that emerged in France at the beginning of the 19th century and had an impact on visual arts such as painting, sculpture and architecture. So, in this article, we will talk about the Beaux-Arts understanding of architecture and its features. History Beaux-Arts Architecture is an architectural movement that developed from... Continue Reading →

Rococo Architecture

Rococo art originated in France. Moreover, it took effect furniture, painting, music, architecture, interior design. In this article, we will talk about the reflections of Rococo Art on architecture. Rococo Architectural History Rococo art emerged in Paris in the early 18th century. Also, It has expand on Germany, England, Spain, Russia as well after France,... Continue Reading →

The First Traces of the City in History

Fundamentally City is a settlement where communities live together. As well as Human is designer of this areas. So, cities characters are directly linked to human. So, where were the first settlements? Which structures are the base of the primitive cities? Why people created common visiting places? In this text, we clarified to answer of... Continue Reading →

Architectural Movements in Europe (10th-20th Century)

Before the architectural movements in Europe, The Roman and Greek Empires have been the pioneers of their periods in architecture throughout history. Greek, Roman and finally Byzantine (Eastern Roman) works shaped the architecture of the period, respectively. After, In the later periods of the Middle Ages, Europe became the center of architecture. And it has... Continue Reading →

Renaissance Architecture

Renaissance Architecture is an understanding that affected all Medieval Europe. And wonderful structures appeared during this period. In this text I mentioned that:What is Renaissance? How It emerged on? What is features of this Architecture? How Renaissance Architecture emerged on? Before the Renaissance architecture, the dominant architectural understanding in Europe was Gothic Architecture that showed... Continue Reading →

Baroque Architecture and Its Examples

If you know a little about architecture, your first answer to the question of what Baroque architecture includes is probably ornament and splendor. And, I must say that you are right in this answer. Before explaining the Baroque architectural features and examples in detail, I must state that this understanding includes a high degree of... Continue Reading →

What are Primary and Secondary Sources?

Keywords: primary source, secondary source, original, history PRIMARY SOURCE Primary sources are informations used historical studies. These called original sources. Writers of Primary source lived same time with events that they wrote. All other sources were founded on primary sources. So, when we start research, firstly prefer primary sources. Primary sources are documents that provide... Continue Reading →

Whatness and bias of History Dicipline

Keywords: bias, whatness, history DISCIPLINE OF HISTORY History is one of the essential disciplines. It ensure comprehended and interpreted our past. We sense important of history. But, are we know whether always it say true? All of us are learned that literature and philosophy are a subjective field and history is an objective field. So,... Continue Reading →

Trebizond Hagia Sophia Building

In the present, there are three Hagia Sophia buildings with original name in Turkey. 1-HAGIA SOPHIA, ISTANBUL (537): The first is most gigantic and most famous from these. HAGIA SOPHIA, ISTANBUL (537) 2-HAGIA SOPHIA, IZNIK (7th CENTURY) HAGIA SOPHIA, IZNIK (7th CENTURY) 3- HAGIA SOPHIA, TRABZON (13rd CENTURY) Second and third Hagia Sophia buildings aren't... Continue Reading →

Gothic Architecture

Gothic architecture burst in medieval Europe and it was popular between 12 Century-16 Century. In this years, cathedral buildings were important for Western Europa and this cathedrals had a symbolic value. They showed state’s power and mighty. In this period built a lot of cathedral so this buildings became an attraction centre for visitors from... Continue Reading →

Freud’s Connection with Art

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian-born doctor, the founder of psychoanalysis. Essentially, Freud is a neurologist. He never has defined himself as an artist but he got in touch with art sometimes directly sometimes as a indirect. Sigmund Freud In 1908, Freud testified that he occasionally read Nietzsche, in addition he read Shakespeare in English... Continue Reading →

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